Black tea! The most popular kind out of all the teas and the breakfast companion of every regular household has its history dating back to a few centuries. Like many other teas, black tea was also originated in imperial China and according to history, the earliest records have been found in a mid-17th century. Black tea comes along with very interesting origin story, about a farmer who accidentally put some over fermented tea leaves over a wood fire for drying. Especially this has happened in an era where the world did not know anything about fully fermented black teas. The resulting tea has given an amazing reddish color brew associated with a Smokey character and this remarks the origin of the first black tea type "Lapsang Souchong. The world has come a long way since this date and today majority of tea drinkers choose black tea as their preferred choice of beverage.

Like any other teas, Black tea is also prepared from the tender leaves of the tea plant Camellia Sinensis. This tea exhibits a black color appearance in made tea and the bright orange or red liquor once brewed. Black tea very rich and flavor full liquor character and some relate this to the attributes of fine wine. These properties are mainly achieved through its well-tested manufacturing steps and we shall go through detailed manufacturing information later. Black tea is the most produced and consumed tea type in the world and currently, around 78% from the world tea production, are produced as black tea.

Black tea is manufactured through a rather complex and different process than the other teas. Here the core principle is the facilitation of enzyme-induced fermentation and the tea leaf chemicals are allowed to undergo the full process of fermentation. As a result of this, the color and flavor compounds are developed within the tea leaves resulting in its inherent black color. After harvesting, the production process starts with the “Withering” step and here the tea leaves are exposed to a continues air flow, removing the leaf moisture. For black tea processing, it is required to allow this process for rather a long period. “Rolling” is done when the withering is achieved up to the desired level and here the tea leaves are sent through specially designed rollers mainly to achieve the desired leaf shapes and sized. At the same time, leaf cell breakages happen during rolling stage allowing leaf chemicals to mix with each other, with the help of Oxygen. The rolling process is really diverse from one black tea type to another. “Fermentation” is the third and most important process. Here the tea rolled tea leaves are spared into thin beds and allowed to rest for few hours in a special room with high humid and cold conditions. During this period the fermentation process is allowed to happen and when it reaches the optimum and consumable level of fermentation, this step is immediately stopped through “Drying”. In the Drying process, the tea leaves are sent through dryers to achieve two purposes. Firstly, to deactivate the enzymes and thereby to stop fermentation. Secondly to reduce moisture levels and thereby to improve the shelf life of the made tea. “Grading” is done finally to separate tea leaves in to even sizes and shapes.

The above briefing is just the beginning and basis of the Black tea world. Of course, there are many different ways to produce different kinds of black teas, but we believe this information is enough for you to understand the complex world of black tea. If we take a look at the flavor profiles of black teas are often rich and sharp and this can be paired very well with milk and many other herbs and flavors. Black tea types can be found from full-leaf teas to tiny broken tea leaves and normally when the tea leaves become smaller the brew becomes stronger. When it comes to brewing this has to be decided depending on the type of black tea that you are brewing. However, the general recommendation is to use around 2.5g of tea for 200ml of water and brew it for 4-5 minutes depending on your palatability. Here the water temperature needs to be maintained around 90 degrees of Celsius.

The world of black tea is really vast and we can explore this world step by step. This journey will not only keep you refreshed but also it will keep you healthy. Black tea also comes with loads of Anti-oxidants and other desirable compounds such as Caffeine and Theanine. All these compounds are capable of improving your body conditions, alertness as well as the calming mindset. Now it’s time to try some of the best black teas from www.grandtea.com.

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